The Burgess Shale

The creation of Yoho National Park

In 1885, the challenging construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway across Canada was completed. Rail brought travellers to experience the Rocky Mountains and led to the creation of Banff National Park, Canada’s first national park, around the rail siding of Banff.  

Just a year later, the creation of adjacent Yoho National Park began with the establishment of the 26 sq km Mount Stephen Dominion Reserve around the small railway community of Field, British Columbia, located below Kicking Horse Pass and the continental divide. In 1901, the protected area was renamed “Yoho”, a Cree expression of awe and wonder that reflects the natural magnificence of the waterfalls, glaciers, and towering peaks around the Kicking Horse Valley.

Today, Yoho National Park is 1,313 km² (507 mi²) in size and is part of a growing family of national parks, marine conservation areas, and World Heritage Sites across the country managed by Parks Canada.

The railway across Canada was completed in 1885 and brought visitors to communities including Field, BC (above) and Lake Louise, AB in the Canadian Rockies.
The railway across Canada was completed in 1885 and brought visitors to communities including Field, BC (above) and Lake Louise, AB in the Canadian Rockies.
PHOTO: © YOHO NATIONAL PARK ARCHIVES