The Burgess Shale

Timeline

1867

       July 1: British North America Act: four provinces join to form Canada
1870 Canada acquires the Northwest Territories
1871

         British Columbia joins Canada on the promise made by Sir John A. Macdonald to             link B.C. to the rest of Canada by railroad within 10 years

         Sir Sandford Fleming preliminary survey of the railway routes: 7 possible                             destinations on the Pacific coast

 1876           Prime Minister John A. Macdonald introduces his “National Policy”, including a                 series of tariffs on imported goods and a renewed focus on a national railway
 1880        October 21: Contract for the completion of the Pacific Railway is signed
 1881

           February 15: Canadian Pacific Railway is officially incorporated; search for an                   alternative passage through the Rocky Mountains begins

           May 29: Discovery of the Rogers Pass

1884Railway reaches Kicking Horse Pass
1885

           North West Rebellion November 7: Last spike at Craigellachie, B.C.; the CPR is                   officially finished

1886

          CPR builds Field Hotel (later renamed Mount Stephen House) and receives its first            guests in the summer

          July 4: The first passenger train from Montreal/Toronto arrives in Monroe, B.C.

          Creation of Mount Stephen Dominion Reserve on October 10

          Summer: First collections from the Trilobite Beds

          CPR publishes first tourist pamphlet

Train arriving in front of Field Hotel, British Columbia, 1887 or 1888.
Train arriving in front of Field Hotel, British Columbia, 1887 or 1888.
© WHYTE MUSEUM OF THE ROCKIES
1888      Charles Walcott’s first publication on fossils from the area
1892        Whiteaves publication of Anomalocaris canadensis from the Trilobite Beds
1897        First excursion by the German-Austrian Alpine Club up the Yoho valley

 

1899

June: First arrival of Swiss guides

Swiss guide helping woman cross snow bridge, Selkirk Mountains? British Columbia, 1900?
© WHYTE MUSEUM OF THE ROCKIES
1901        Mount Stephen Dominion Reserve is renamed Yoho National Park
1902

      CPR builds two log cabins on the shore of Emerald Lake

Log cabins for tourists at Emerald Lake, British Columbia, 1900.
Log cabins for tourists at Emerald Lake, British Columbia, 1900.
© WHYTE MUSEUM OF THE ROCKIES
1906          March 27: Creation of the Alpine Club of Canada; first annual camp at Yoho Pass              in July
1907Walcott’s visits the Trilobite Beds
1908         Walcott publishes an account of his discoveries in the Canadian Alpine Journal
1909         Walcott’s discovery of the Burgess Shale; Spiral Tunnels are completed replacing             the Big Hill